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Causes Of Kidney Diseases
The Diseases that result in Kidney Failure are listed. he Urinal system plays a very important function in the human body. Given below are a list of symptoms that indicate respective ailments of bladder, urethea and others, respective ailments of bladder, which eventually damage the kidneys. The patients are advised to consult a medical practitioner when they experience such symptoms

Arthritis

In some cases, the Rheumatoid Arthritis disrupts the Glomerular function of the kidney and it is further damaged by the intake of regular anti-rheumatoid drugs.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

It is one of the Collagen diseases which manifests itself in red patches formed on the skin which gradually spreads to the rest of the body.


Tuberculosis of the Kidney

Kidneys that are contaminated by Tuberculosis often result in an advanced state of dysfunction.

Polyartenitis Nudosa

It manifests itself in the form of Collagen disease, which leads to the inflammation of the walls of arteries, leading to asthma, high blood pressure and subsequently kidney failure.


Gout

Most often the patients suffering from Chronic Gout end up with renal failure. In most cases of Gout, there is an enormous increase of plasma uric acid which results in the malfunction of the kidneys.

Nephrolithiasis

It is commonly known as kidney stones or Calculi. Its presence in the kidneys or urinary tract results in kidney disorders. It is characterized by renal failure and occurrence of blood in urine.


Renal Tubular Defects

The kidneys affected by the functional disorder of the renal tubules are diagnosed as the presence of cysts.

Urinary Tract Infections

The urinary tract is very prone to bacterial infections and women are most likely the easiest victims of such infections. Some of these infections aggravate into serious kidney ailments.


Acute Pyelonephritis

The symptoms include, vomiting, abdominal pain, tender nocturnal enuresis and stunted growth. It also causes turbid urine and passage of blood and the tests conducted will show puss cells, erythrocytes.

Bacterial Infection Heart Valves

If the valves of the heart are contaminated by streprococcus and staphylococcus bacterium, it may develop complications in glomeruli, which may result in glomerulo nephriris, nephroric syndrome and acute nephroric syndrome.


Cystitis

It is a condition in which the urinary infection is restricted to the bladder alone. Acute bacterial cystitis also leads to conditions such as frequent urination, dysuria, nocturia public discomfort, low back pain and fever, among others.

Abnormal Urinary Functions

If the Proteinurea ranging from 150mg to 3.5g/day is present, it leads to Haematuria and Pyurea, among other symptoms. In such cases the concerned patients should undergo tests to check their renal functions.


Chronic Pyelonephritis

In the case of frequent and persistent urinary infection, it may also lead to chronic Pyelonephritis. It results in impairment of renal function, polyurea, nocturia, hypertension, bone pain, among other conditions.

Common Urinary Symptoms

The Urinal system plays a very important function in the human body. Given below are a list of symptoms that indicate respective ailments of bladder, urethea and others, which eventually damage the kidneys.


Common Urinary Symptoms:

  • Dysuria: This condition manifests itself in discomfort and pain during urination. It may also be a result of infected urinary tract, presence of stones, foreign bodies or new growth in the bladder or Urethra.
  • Sudden and uncontrollable urge to pass urine and in some cases the inflammation of bladder or urethra may also be the cause of this condition.
  • Painful desire to pass urine which may be due to urinary infection.
  • Frequent passage of urine, which shows the reduced capacity of the bladder. It may be due to the inflammation of lesions, tumour, over stimulation or obstruction..
  • Inability to pass urine which can be due to a block in the urethra or nervous diseases and the reasons include, blockage because of enlarged prostate, vesical , urethral stones, bladder tumours, among others.
  • Leakage of urine due to the damage or paralysis of the ring muscles of the urethra
  • Dribbling of urine, which may occur when the bladder is filled beyond its normal capacity or when the pressure in the abdomen is increased.
  • Passage of urine unconsciously while asleep is called Enuresis, which is a common occurrence among young toddlers and aged people. It may be due to the under development of bladder or loss of control due to obstruction or nervous dysfunction.
  • A change in the daily output of urine can also be seen as an indication of renal failure. The normal output is anywhere around 500ml to 2500ml depending on the fluid intake and also the climatic conditions.
  • Passing excess urine during the night is termed as Nocturia, which manifests itself in the conditions of diabetes, congestive cardiac failure or chronic renal insufficiency.
  • Low output of urine may also indicate kidney dysfunction. If the output is below 400ml then this condition is termed as Oliguria and in cases where it is less than 100ml, it is called Anuria. These two conditions are indicators of shock, congestive cardiac failure, glomerulonephritis and early stages of renal failure.
  • High output of urine is called Polyuria and it is characterized by an increased output over 3000ml. It may be due to the inability of the kidney as a result of chronic nephritis, diabetes and in certain cases, due to the use of diuretics.
  • Discomfort in the excretory organs can be seen as indicators of ailments of the bladder, prostate glands, and urethral infections, among others.
  • Passing of blood in the urine is a condition termed as Haematuria, which may be due to glomerulonephritis and other similar bleeding disorders, presence of stones and tumours. Glomerulonephritis manifests itself in blood stained urine and other similar symptoms as stated below. Given below are a list of symptoms ascertained by clinical tests and research:
  • Pus, blood or crystals will make urine turbid.
  • The presence of gas in the urine may be due to the infection of the bladder and urinary tract.
  • The fluid retention or Edema is a symptom of acute glomerulo nephritis and nephrotIc syndrome. It manifests itself in the swelling of the eyelids and face, predominantly among others. Edema is also found in the scrotum and the breast.
  • Another prominent symptom is fever which is intermittent in certain cases. Some cases of chronic or the presence of prominent tumours in the kidney also causes irregular and frequent fever.